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Diseases of female gender organs

The diseases of the female reproductive organs are very diverse and can be part of other diseases as well. In this group we will mention the following: disorders of the menstrual cycle, inflammations of the vagina, inflammations of the ovaries and the oviducts, the sterility and the diseases of the breast and the side effects of the menopause as a disorder.

DISORDERS OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE

The menstrual period is an inside change of the uterus and the ovaries that exhibits itself as a monthly menstrual bleeding. The menstruation can last between 3-5 days and it repeats itself every 28-32 days. This is considered normal and it is the only normal bleeding of the reproductive organs. During the menstruation, it is normal to lose between 50-100 ml of blood. The first menstruation starts between the ages of 10-15 years of age and it is called menarche. If the menarche appears before the age of 12 it is called an early menarche, if it appears after the age of 14 it is called late menarche.

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Diabetes

DIABETES is a common expression that is actually combining several different biochemical disorders in the human organism when the organism fails to use the carbohydrates, the sugar and the starch that are brought with the food. The lack of insulin makes the cells unable to take the sugar that comes with the food. As a result of this, the sugar is stuck in the blood vessels while the cells are actually starving. If left untreated, the increased blood sugar and the starving cells can lead to very serious damages on the other organs as well, such as: infarctions on the heart and the brain, kidney failure, blindness (because of the retina detachment), developing necrosis and gangrene on the limbs and other complications. Some of the common symptoms and signs of the diabetes and its existence are: increased micturition, nightly micturition, constant thirst and hunger associated with a loss of weight, increased sweating, fatigue and depression.

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Skin diseases Psoriasis Vulgaris and Vitiligo

psoriasis Vulgaris 1Psoriasis Vulgaris and Vitiligo
psoriasis punctata – the scars are very small, almost like sand corns

psoriasis guttata – the scars are big as drops of a morning dew

psoriasis nummularis –the scars are as big as quarter coins

psoriasis inplacibus – big scars and lesions that look like flat plates and take quite of space on the skin

anularni and circinarni psoriasis – the lesions are all of different forms and shapes

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Diseases of circulatory system

The circulatory system is an organ system that transports nutrients (such as amino acids and electrolytes), gases, hormones, blood cells, nitrogen waste products, etc. to and from cells in the body to help fight diseases and help stabilize body temperature and pH to maintain homeostasis. This system may be seen strictly as a blood distribution network, but some consider the circulatory system as composed of the cardiovascular system, which distributes blood, and the lymphatic system, which distributes lymph.

The main components of the human circulatory system are the heart, the blood, and the blood vessels. The circulatory system includes: the pulmonary circulation, a "loop" through the lungs where blood is oxygenated; and the systemic circulation, a "loop" through the rest of the body to provide oxygenated blood. An average adult contains five to six quarts (roughly 4.7 to 5.7 liters) of blood, which consists of plasma, red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets. Also, the digestive system works with the circulatory system to provide the nutrients the system needs to keep the heart pumping.

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Diseases of digestive system

Digestive System: digestion and processing food with salivary glands, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, intestines, rectum, and anus.

- Stomach-intestines diseases;
- Peptic ulcer disease, gastritis, inflammations;
- Ulcer of stomach, ulcer of duodenum;
- diarrhea, acute and chronicle colitis, ulcerations;
- polyps, tumor and cancer diseases of rectum;

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