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Diseases of female gender organs

The diseases of the female reproductive organs are very diverse and can be part of other diseases as well. In this group we will mention the following: disorders of the menstrual cycle, inflammations of the vagina, inflammations of the ovaries and the oviducts, the sterility and the diseases of the breast and the side effects of the menopause as a disorder.

DISORDERS OF THE MENSTRUAL CYCLE

The menstrual period is an inside change of the uterus and the ovaries that exhibits itself as a monthly menstrual bleeding. The menstruation can last between 3-5 days and it repeats itself every 28-32 days. This is considered normal and it is the only normal bleeding of the reproductive organs. During the menstruation, it is normal to lose between 50-100 ml of blood. The first menstruation starts between the ages of 10-15 years of age and it is called menarche. If the menarche appears before the age of 12 it is called an early menarche, if it appears after the age of 14 it is called late menarche.

The last menstruation is occurring between the ages of 45 and 50 and it is also known as menopause. The menstruations can be rare in appearance, when they are occurring every 32 days, or they can be appearing more often if they appear every 24 days. The menstruation can be either strong when there is more blood involved or "weak" when there is not that much blood.

When you have bleeding in between the regular menstruation periods this is known as metrorrhargia and it has nothing to do with the menstruation, it is an indicator of certain disorders and abnormalities. In some cases there is no monthly menstrual bleeding and this is known as amenorrhea and indicates disorders and abnormalities of the reproductive organs. In a lot of cases the occurrence of amenorrhea are connected with stressful situation and it is considered to be abnormal.

INFLAMMATIONS OF THE OVARIES AND OVIDCTS

The inflammations of the oviducts and the ovaries are very often bacterial infections that spread from other organs to the ovaries. This occurs very often after abortions, natural deliveries, menstruations, simple common cold, and inflammations of the urinary system's organs. The inflammation can be either acute or chronic inflammation. If the acute inflammation is not immediately taken care of and there is a fever for a several days, it will become a chronic inflammation. With the chronic inflammation, the absence of fever is typical; however the symptoms of the chronic inflammation can be noticed on the face of the patient (appearance of acne etc). The inflammations can be often transmitted to the urinary system as well (urethra, ureters, and kidneys) and they can become a bigger problem (cysts). When the inflammation is not taking care of in a proper manner, often times it can lead to other, harder disorders such as cysts, tumors and polyps. The occurrences of the cysts on the oviducts are quite often. They are creations that are filled with fluid which often times is contagious and infectious and its size can be measured in centimeter (width and length) and sometimes it can even reach the weight of several kilograms.

INFLAMMATIONS OF THE UTERUS

Inflammations of the uterus are essentially inflammation of the epidermal tissue and the endometrium of the uterus, and the causes are usually bacteria, viruses or fungal infections. Very often the inflammation can occur because of the weakening of the immune system and the acidic environment in the uterus, which becomes basic as a result of menstruation, abortions, vaginal delivery, non-hygienic conditions, usage of antibiotics and some other conditions such as diabetes, foreign intruders, contraception, changing sexual partners etc. Very common signs and symptoms are: itching, smelliness, white discharge, pain, fever etc. Very often the signs and symptoms demonstrated are actually signs and symptoms for more serious diseases such as: inflammations of the surrounding tissues, small wounds (fibroma), irregularly formed uterus, polyps, tumors and malignancies.

STERILITY

Is the inability to become pregnant, which is quite often disorder of the ovulations, inability for the sperm to pass through the oviducts to reach the egg, eggs with poor quality, hormonal disorders, sexually transmitted diseases, alcoholism, cirrhosis, diabetes and similar.

DISEASES OF THE BREAST

Quite often they are inflammations of the milk glands- MASTITIS- usually followed by pain, redness and fever. DAMAGE OF THE NIPPLE- it is usually acquired during the nursing of the baby, and is followed with bleeding and pain. INSUFFICIENT MILK PRODUCTION is usually a consequence of the mastitis and stress. GALACTOREA is the situation when the milk is discharged from the breast per all occasions and it can be an indicator or direct consequence of other diseases and disorders.

FEMALE CLIMACTERIC or PERIMENOPAUSE

It is the time from the onset of irregular cycles to their complete cessation, which usually takes between 3-5 years. The menopause is associated with the changes in the ovaries. It usually occurs between the ages of 40 and 50 and it is usually followed with other problems and difficulties. It is also manifested by the appearance of redness on the face, neck and chest, hot flashes, increased sweating, insomnia, headaches, poor concentration, depression, osteoporosis, ischemia, thrombosis and neurosis. The main thing with the climacterium is the lack of hormone production by the ovaries. There are four different hormones involved in this process amongst them estrogen and progesterone, which disappearance or reduced production can be associated with all the discomfort and disorders associated with this particular period of the women's lives. The lack of production or reduced production of estrogen and progesterone often brings the following consequences: reduced width of the uterus and its mucosal uterine wall, dry and thin epithelium of the vagina, reduced blood circulation in this region, loss of the elasticity and the firmness of the breast, changes of the tissue that brings the appearance of cysts, increased pigmentation on the skin, reduced pigmentation of the nipples, reduced thickness and strength of the hair, increase of the fat deposits, appearance of arteriosclerosis, increased possibility of heart and brain infarcts, increase of wrinkles and sagging skin, excessive hair growth, no interest for sex, pain and hot flashes.

The symptoms are expressed through pruritus on the vulva, increased bleedings, white discharge with increase of bacterial infections, painful and unpleasant sexual intercourses, open wounds on the cervix or the uterus, increased micturition, tachycardia, arrhythmias, fat deposits on the liver, gallbladder stones and similar. Often times, in order to mask the symptoms, indecent behavior is typical for this period: infidelity, exchanging sexual partners, taking strong antidepressants and alcoholism. Sometimes, because of the fear that is typical for this period of the woman's life, erroneous steps are performed in order to reduce or mask the symptoms which can lead to even worse outbreak of the symptoms and serious damage on the overall health.

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